Vascular complications have been recognized as an important factor in morbidity after diagnostic and percutaneous coronary interventions.
This study sought to evaluate vascular body mass index and sheath size as risk factors for vascular complications after diagnostic coronary angiography via femoral approach.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
This historical prospective cohort study was carried out from February 2012 till January 2013, at the Iraqi Center for the Heart Disease. A total number of 2400 patients underwent 3600 procedures, diagnostic coronary angiography (2196) and PCI(1404) via their common femoral arteries.
Result: Body surface area > 2m2 is a statistically significant factor for vascular complications, and <1.6m2 is also an important statistically significant risk for vascular complications.
The results of the current study according to sheath size show:- during the diagnostic coronary angiograph procedures, sheath size 5F was the least(n=34), in which no reported vascular complications. Sheath size 6F (n = 1661) with (75) 4.5% complicated vs. (1586) 95.5% didn’t, sheath size 7F used among (501) patients, vascular complications developed in (171) 34.1% vs. (330) 65.9%. In comparison between the incidence of vascular complications among sheath sizes (6F, 7F) vs. 5F the P value < 0.001 for both.
During the PCI procedures, sheath size 6F was used among (140) patients, with vascular complications in one patient (0.7%). 7F used among (1219), with vascular complications in (115) 9.4%, and 8F used in (45) patients with vascular complications in (45) 100%. By using 6F as a referent, sheaths 7F&8F were statistical significant(p
KEY WORDS: body surface area