Brain hemorrhage is defined as the extravasation of blood from the vascular bed into the intracranial space, resulting in clinical dysfunction of nervous system. Intracerebral hemorrhage is a heterogeneous disease with deep and lobar subtypes. The amount of serum lipid may also affect the integrity of blood vessel wall and abnormal lipid profile may consider as a risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage.
The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between serum lipids and the site of intracerebral hemorrhage.
A cross-sectional study for 100 patients (50 with deep seated, 50 with lobar intracerebral hemorrhage) from Al-Kadhymia teaching hospital and Bagdad Teaching Hospital between August 2012 and June 2014. Case subjects included those patients from 20 to 89 years of age experiencing ICH within first 48 hours of presentation. Total cholesterol (TC), High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and Triglycerides (TG) serum level, was compared in deep seated and lobar intracerebral hemorrhage.
There was significant relationship between high HDL level in deep seated compared to lobar hemorrhage, while there was no statistical significant relationship between the site of hemorrhage by TC, LDL and TG level
High HDL level is a risk factor for deep seated rather for lobar intracerebral hemorrhage.TC, TG, LDL have no effect on the site of hemorrhage.