Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) were more liable to growth impairment as compared with healthy children as result of increased energy demand, endocrine and inadequate dietary intake
To assess nutritional status, dietary pattern of children with SCD and to determine the relationship between sociodemograghic characteristics & nutritional status of the children.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A cross sectional study conducted in Basrah center for hereditary blood diseases to evaluate the nutritional status of 60 patients all under 5 years with SCD by anthropometrics measurement, use of WHO growth charts, prestructured questionnaire and assess their dietary intake depending on recommendation of the integrated management of childhood illness.
The study involved 60 children less than 5 years old with SCD, their mean age 41 ± 14 months, 65% of them had (SS) genotype. 65%of them were suffering from moderate anaemia. The frequency of underweight, stunting, wasting and obesity were 6.7%, 10% 1.7, and1.7% respectively. There was no significant association of growth deficit in patient with SCD and following: gender, genotype, number of painful crisis, number of Blood transfusion in last year, mother education and dietary intake.
There was low frequency of malnutrition in children with SCD in Basra. Growth monitoring and nutritional concealing are needed.